The drone industry is booming, domestic supervision is pale, and it is difficult to hide hidden worries
In recent years, domestic drone products have developed rapidly. With the upgrading of the industry, the maturity of technology, the deepening of professionalism, and the emergence of cost-effective drone products, drones are gradually flying into ordinary people's homes, which is undoubtedly It reveals the popularity of the drone industry. However, in recent days, unqualified "black flying" incidents have been frequently exposed in many places in China, which shows the paleness of domestic drone supervision, and it is difficult to cover up the hidden worries of drone black flying.
Some data show that China's civilian drone consumption has accounted for more than 70% of the world's share. In the face of such a large share and a large number of drones, it is difficult to achieve comprehensive supervision under the current legal documents, and emerge in an endless stream. The "Black Fly" incident of hurting people and objects is also inevitable.
The recent "black flight" incident of drones with a relatively bad influence and wide spread is the incident at Hangzhou Xiaoshan Airport on January 15. On January 15, Yuan Mou took off near Hangzhou Xiaoshan Airport. At that time, Yuan Mou's idea was to "use a drone to shoot the sunset", but judging from the short video widely spread on social networks, Yuan Mou's drone shooting process was Among them, there are several civil airliners passing through, which seriously affects the safety of the airport airspace and is prone to aviation accidents.
In the next few days, there were similar drone intrusion incidents at Kunming Changshui Airport and Shenzhen Airport, and the air traffic control department had to take emergency evasion measures to avoid safety accidents.
"Black flying" incidents occur frequently, so how is it regulated in China?
Strictly speaking, the relevant domestic regulations on airspace are managed by the Air Force. Civil aviation and transport aircraft can obtain fixed routes and routes after being approved by the Air Force. There are clear provisions in the "Basic Rules of the People's Republic of China". The Air Force is responsible for national flight control, but according to the division of responsibilities, the Civil Aviation Administration is responsible for air traffic control of air routes, routes and civil airports, including general-purpose aircraft.
So what are the regulations of the Civil Aviation Administration for drones?
The "Interim Regulations on the Management of Civilian Unmanned Aircraft System Pilots" was promulgated in November 2013, which clearly stipulates whether a license is required.
1. Certificate management is required
1. The pilots of drones with an empty weight greater than 7kg operating within the line-of-sight, all drones operating beyond the line-of-sight in isolated airspace, and drones less than or equal to 116kg operating in converged airspace must be included in the industry manage;
2. UAVs larger than 116 kg operating in the integrated airspace are all under the management of the Civil Aviation Administration.
Second, no license management
1. UAVs larger than 116 kg operating in the integrated airspace are all under the management of the Civil Aviation Administration. Micro-UAVs flying within the line-of-sight (micro-UAVs with a weight of less than or equal to 7 kg, with a flight range of 500 meters within the visual line-of-sight radius and a relative height of less than 120 meters) do not require license management.
2. UAVs that fly indoors and UAVs that are tested in sparsely populated, open, non-populated areas do not require license management.
There are indeed relevant laws and regulations to supervise drones in China, but in the actual situation, in the face of such a huge number of drones, the domestic supervision is really too pale. It can be seen from the recent airport incidents that one two.
The popularity of the drone industry not only drives innovation, but also should attract the attention of regulatory authorities. Although UAVs have not yet caused major safety accidents in China, but UAVs frequently cause accidents, if we really wait for the occurrence of safety accidents, will there be a kind of meaning to remedy the situation? Many experts and the public are also calling on relevant departments to establish a unified supervision system. At present, for the "black flying" of UAVs, "UAV jammers" are used to interfere and intercept, thereby forming an effective no-fly area, such as the deployment of airports and security sites, so as to ensure the air safety of relevant areas. Wouldn't this be a viable precautionary measure?